Feline lower urinary tract disease is a broad term that encompasses feline cystitis, bacterial cystitis, and feline uroliths and urethral plugs.
Clinical signs of FLUTD patients can range from bloody urine, straining to urinate, unable to urinate, frequent urination, inappropriate urination, lethargy, and inappetence.
Diagnosis of FLUTD begins with a physical examination, palpation of the urinary bladder and abdomen, and history. Urinalysis, radiographs, bloodwork and/or abdominal ultrasound may be recommended for further evaluation of your cats’ condition. It is important to note that the inability to urinate is a life threatening condition and must be treated as quickly possible.
Treatment of FLUTD will vary depending on the cause of the disease, but can include dietary restrictions, oral medications, and in more severe cases hospitalization for supportive care with IV fluids, injectable medications and urinary catheter. Many patients that exhibit signs of FLUTD must remain on diet restrictions for life and may have re-occurring symptoms. For patients that re-obstruct and are unable to urinate, surgical intervention may be recommended.
If your pet is exhibiting any signs of FLUTD please schedule an appointment with your veterinarian to discuss diagnostics and recommendations. Inability to urinate is a life-threatening condition and requires immediate medical attention.