Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a chronic condition of the intestinal tract that occurs in both dogs and cats. This condition is likely due to a variety of conditions that result in chronic inflammation of the lining of the stomach, intestines and colon. IBD is classified by the type of inflammatory cells present and location in the GI tract.
Clinical signs of IBD include frequent GI issues such as vomiting and diarrhea, weight loss, decreased appetite and can involve varying degrees and combinations.
Diagnoses of IBD can involve many diagnostics including bloodwork, radiograph, abdominal ultrasound in combination with gastric and intestinal biopsies.
Treatment is dependent on the type and severity of inflammation noted, but usually involves oral medications, injectable medications and/or dietary management. Treatment may also be adjusted based on patient response to treatment and clinical signs.
It is important that if your pet is diagnosed with IBD that no treats or table scraps be given, as well as any food changes be made without first discussing with your veterinarian. With appropriate treatment prognosis is good and pets return to a normal life.