Pancreatitis occurs when the pancreas becomes inflamed, and can occur for various reasons. Pancreatitis is most prevalent in obese patients or those with history of dietary indiscretion. Because pancreatitis can occur post dietary indiscretion it is commonly seen around the holidays when pets get into, or are given tablescraps.
Clinical signs of pancreatitis include vomiting, lethargy, decreased appetite, diarrhea, dehydration, fever, abdominal pain and/or shock.
Diagnosis of pancreatitis includes bloodwork, with potential evaluation with ultrasound.
Treatment of pancreatitis includes hospitalization for fluid therapy to maintain adequate hydration and electrolyte balance, antibiotic therapy, and pain management. Some patients may need to be placed on a low fat restricted diet for life.
Because pancreatitis is so unpredictable and has varying levels of severity prognosis is dependent on response to treatment.