Pyometra is an infection of the uterus in a dog or cat and is a life-threatening condition. Animals presenting with pyometra are more likely to be middle-aged or older females, typically within 60 days of their last heat cycle.
Clinical signs of pyometra are vaginal discharge, abdominal enlargement or distention, vomiting, lethargy, dehydration, decreased appetite and/or increased thirst / increased urination.
Pyometra is diagnosed via radiographs and/or ultrasound, bloodwork (complete blood count and chemistry), and vaginal cytology.
The preferred and standard method of treatment is an ovariohysterectomy (spay) with treatment for any dehydration or increased renal values prior to surgery. Post surgical prognosis is good if the patient is treated quickly and if there are no underlying issues.
If your pet is not used for breeding, it is recommended that a routine spay be performed with your regular veterinarian between 4 and 12 months of age. Please discuss with your regular veterinarian what age is recommended for your specific pet/breed.