Seizures can occur for many various reasons and occur at any life stage.
Common causes of seizure activity include underlying disease (such as liver disease), brain tumors, toxin exposure, brain trauma, and idiopathic epilepsy.
Idiopathic epilepsy refers to seizures for which there is no definitive cause and can only be diagnosed by ruling out the other causes of seizure activity. Idiopathic epilepsy is most commonly found in young pets and is treated with anti-convulsant therapy.
Status epilepticus refers to prolonged continuous seizure activity. If not treated immediately and aggressively status epilepticus can result in coma or death.
If your pet experiences seizure activity it is recommended to seek medical attention immediately. Patients experiencing seizures for the first time may first have diagnostics performed to rule out potential causes with monitoring for further seizure activity, or be started on anti-convulsant therapy immediately.
Regardless if your pet is experiencing the first seizure or has had multiple seizures throughout the course of his or her life, seizure disorders should be carefully monitored and treated with your veterinarian.